Are you worried about keeping coyotes away from your property? A coyote fence might just be what you need. Here’s a quick overview to get you started:

  • Coyotes are found in urban neighborhoods across the U.S.
  • They prey on small pets and livestock.
  • A coyote fence can protect your animals and property.

Coyotes are becoming a common problem even in cities, not just in rural areas. As urban areas expand, encounters with these clever canines increase. Coyotes can weigh around 30 pounds, dash up to 45 miles per hour, and jump with ease. They’re omnivorous and can find their meals in everything from fruit to small pets, making them a serious threat to suburban homeowners and livestock owners alike.

So, how do you protect your property? A sturdy coyote fence is essential for keeping them out. Whether you have a backyard in the city or acres of farmland, a well-built fence can save your pets and livestock from becoming coyote prey.

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What is a Coyote Fence?

A coyote fence is a specially designed barrier to keep coyotes and other predators out of your property. These fences are crucial for protecting pets, livestock, and even family members from these agile and persistent animals. Let’s break down what makes a coyote fence effective.

Heavy Steel Mesh

One of the most effective materials for a coyote fence is heavy steel mesh. This material is durable and difficult for coyotes to chew through. It also has small openings that prevent coyotes from squeezing through. The mesh typically extends a few feet underground to thwart any digging attempts. This is crucial because coyotes are known for their ability to dig under fences to gain access to food sources.

Digging Prevention

To effectively prevent digging, the fence should extend at least 12 inches underground. Some homeowners also add a wire apron that flares out from the base of the fence. This makes it even harder for coyotes to dig their way in. A coyote fence with these features can significantly reduce the chances of a coyote breaching your property.

Coyote Rollers

Another innovative addition to a coyote fence is the use of coyote rollers. These are aluminum cylinders attached to the top of the fence. When a coyote tries to climb, the rollers spin, preventing the animal from getting a grip. This simple yet effective mechanism can stop even the most determined coyotes from scaling your fence.

Livestock Protection

For those with livestock, a coyote fence is indispensable. According to the USDA, coyotes account for 65% of calf and cattle losses to predators and 61% of lost lambs. By installing a coyote fence, you can protect your animals from becoming statistics. Some farmers also use electric fencing or install lights above corrals to deter coyotes further.

By combining heavy steel mesh, digging prevention measures, and coyote rollers, you can create a robust barrier that keeps these cunning predators at bay. Whether you live in a suburban neighborhood or run a farm, a well-built coyote fence offers peace of mind and protection for your property.

Types of Coyote Fences

Heavy Steel Mesh Fences

Heavy steel mesh fences are a popular choice for keeping coyotes out. These fences use durable steel mesh that prevents coyotes from biting through. The mesh is typically buried at least 12 inches into the ground to stop coyotes from digging underneath.

This type of fence is especially useful for protecting livestock. According to the USDA, coyotes account for 65% of calf and cattle losses to predators. By installing a heavy steel mesh fence, you can significantly reduce these losses.

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Electric Fences

Electric fences add an extra layer of protection. These fences use a low impedance charger to deliver a shock when an animal touches the wire. The voltage requirements for an effective electric fence can vary, but they are designed to deter coyotes without harming them.

Electric fences are best used in combination with other types of fencing. For example, a steel mesh fence can be paired with an electric wire to prevent both climbing and digging. This dual approach makes it even harder for coyotes to breach your property.

Poly Fences with Chew Barrier

Poly fences are lightweight, strong, and hard to climb. However, they are not chew-proof. To address this, a poly fence can be combined with a metal chew barrier at the base. This combination offers the benefits of both materials: the flexibility and strength of poly, and the chew resistance of metal.

A popular configuration includes a 7.5-foot tall poly fence paired with a 4-foot metal chew barrier at the bottom. This setup not only keeps out coyotes but also prevents other animals like rabbits and garden pests from entering.

Coyote Rollers

Coyote rollers are aluminum cylinders that attach to the top of your fence. These rollers spin when an animal tries to grab onto the top, making it impossible for them to get a foothold.

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Coyote rollers are effective with various fence types, including wood, wrought iron, vinyl, and chain link. For maximum effectiveness, your fence should be at least six feet tall. Anything shorter, and coyotes might just sail over the roller.

By using these different types of fences, you can create a comprehensive barrier that keeps coyotes out and your property safe. Up next, we’ll dive into how to install a coyote fence step-by-step.

How to Install a Coyote Fence

Planning and Materials

Before you start digging, planning is crucial. Here are the essential materials you’ll need for a coyote fence:

  • Fence Posts: These are the backbone of your fence. Opt for sturdy materials like steel or treated wood.
  • Accessories and Hardware: This includes brackets, screws, and ties to secure the fencing material.
  • Overlap Fencing: Choose a fence with extra material at the base to overlap and pin to the ground. This prevents digging.
  • Digging Prevention Tools: Ground stakes or wire aprons are essential to deter coyotes from tunneling under.
  • Fence Height: Aim for a minimum of 6 feet. Taller fences (up to 8 feet) offer added security.
  • Chew Barrier: If using poly fencing, include a metal chew barrier at the base.

Step-by-Step Installation

  1. Layout Your Fencing Materials: Begin by laying out all your materials along the perimeter of the area you want to secure. Ensure you have enough overlap fencing for the entire boundary.

  2. Install Fence Posts:

    • No-Dig Sleeves: Use these for easy and quick installation.
    • Spacing: Place posts 8-10 feet apart for stability.
    • Plumb the Posts: Ensure they are vertical using a level.
  3. Install Post Collars: These add extra stability to your fence posts, especially in areas with loose soil.

  4. Set Up the Cabling System: For poly fences, a cabling system helps keep the fence taut. Attach cables to the top and bottom of the posts.

  5. Install the Bottom Layer and Create a Dig Guard:

    • Overlap Fencing: Lay the extra fencing material flat on the ground, extending outward from the fence. Pin it down using ground stakes.
    • Chew Barrier: Attach a metal barrier at the base to prevent chewing.
  6. Install Over Boulders and Other Obstacles: Use flexible fencing materials to contour over uneven terrain. Secure tightly to prevent gaps.

  7. Install the Top Layer and Climb Guard: Ensure the fence reaches the desired height. For poly fences, add a climb guard to make it difficult for coyotes to scale.

  8. Install Ground Stakes and Complete the Dig Guard: Secure the overlap fencing with additional ground stakes to ensure there’s no room for coyotes to dig through.

  9. Connect to House and Other Structures: Make sure the fence seamlessly connects to your house or other structures to eliminate gaps.

  10. Protect Other Areas: If you have decks or other vulnerable spots, extend the fencing or use additional barriers to secure these areas.

By following these steps, you can build a robust coyote fence that effectively keeps out unwanted wildlife, ensuring the safety of your pets and property.

Next, we’ll explore how to create coyote-proof enclosures for even more protection.

Coyote-Proof Enclosures

Creating coyote-proof enclosures is essential for keeping your pets and livestock safe. Unlike standard fencing, these enclosures offer complete protection by addressing not just the sides but also the top and bottom.

Six-Sided Enclosures

A six-sided enclosure means covering all sides, including the top and bottom. This is crucial because coyotes are excellent climbers and diggers. A fully enclosed space ensures they can’t get in from any angle.

Chain Link

Chain link fencing is a popular choice for these enclosures. It’s durable and can withstand attempts by coyotes to chew through. The key is to use a heavy gauge material, which is thicker and stronger than standard chain link.

Wire Apron

To prevent digging, install a wire apron around the base of your enclosure. This involves laying a four to six-foot wire mesh that extends outward from the bottom of the fence. Secure it with ground stakes to create a dig guard. This method deters coyotes from digging under the fence to gain entry.

Heavy Gauge Material

Using heavy gauge material is non-negotiable. Coyotes can slash through lighter materials, so opt for something robust. Heavy gauge wire or steel mesh provides the best defense. For example, a Cibolo woman reported a coyote attack on her pet chihuahua, emphasizing the importance of strong, durable fencing to prevent such incidents.

Practical Tips

  1. Cover All Sides: Ensure your enclosure is fully enclosed, including the top and bottom, to prevent coyotes from climbing over or digging under.
  2. Use Heavy Gauge Chain Link: Opt for thick, durable materials that can withstand chewing and slashing.
  3. Install a Wire Apron: Lay a wire mesh around the base of your enclosure to deter digging.
  4. Secure the Base: Use ground stakes to pin down the wire apron securely.

By implementing these strategies, you can build a coyote-proof enclosure that offers maximum protection for your pets and livestock.

Next, let’s look at some practical tips for encountering coyotes in your neighborhood.

Coyote Encounter Tips

When you’re out and about, encountering a coyote can be unnerving. Here are some practical tips to keep you and your pets safe:

Look Big

Make yourself appear as large and intimidating as possible. Stand tall, raise your arms, and wave them around. If you have a jacket, open it up like a cape. Shouting loudly can also help scare the coyote away.

Keep Pets Close

Your first instinct might be to pick up your pet, but this can make you look smaller and more vulnerable. Instead, keep your pet on a short leash and close to you. This helps you stay in control and appear larger to the coyote.

Don’t Run

Running can trigger a chase response in coyotes. Instead, face the coyote and slowly back away while maintaining eye contact. This shows the coyote that you are not prey.

Carry Deterrents

Prepare for your walks by carrying items that can help deter a coyote. Rocks, golf balls, or a portable air horn can be effective. A brightly colored umbrella that you can open and close quickly can also make you appear larger and more threatening.

Be Unpredictable

Coyotes can learn your routine if you walk at the same time every day. Change your walking schedule and route to make it harder for them to predict your movements.

By following these tips, you can reduce the risk of a coyote encounter turning into an attack. Stay vigilant and prepared to keep yourself and your pets safe.

Next, let’s address some frequently asked questions about coyote fences.

Frequently Asked Questions about Coyote Fences

What is the best fence for coyotes?

The best coyote fence depends on your specific needs, but a popular choice is a poly fence with a chew barrier base. This combination offers strength, flexibility, and durability. Poly fences are lightweight and hard to climb, while the metal base prevents chewing. For those who prefer electric options, a low-impedance charger with high-tensile lines can be effective. However, electric fences require regular maintenance to ensure they remain operational.

How tall of a fence do you need to keep coyotes out?

To effectively keep coyotes out, your fence should be at least 6 feet tall. Coyotes are agile and can climb, so many experts recommend going even higher—up to 7.5 or 8 feet. Additionally, digging prevention is crucial. Installing a wire apron that spreads out around the base of the fence can prevent coyotes from burrowing underneath.

Why is it called a coyote fence?

The term “coyote fence” originated in the Southwest USA, particularly on ranches where protection from coyotes was essential. These fences are a staple in places like Santa Fe and Taos, New Mexico, and are an important element of southwestern landscape architecture. Traditionally, these fences were made from small-diameter lodgepole pine, known as latillas. This method of fencing has evolved but remains a key strategy for keeping coyotes at bay.


At Pet Playgrounds, we understand the importance of coyote-proofing your property. Whether you’re looking to protect your pets, livestock, or simply ensure safety for your family, a coyote fence is an effective solution.

Safety is our top priority. Coyotes can pose a real threat, especially in urban neighborhoods and rural areas. By installing a coyote fence, you can create a secure environment that keeps these predators out. A well-designed fence not only protects against coyotes but also other intruders like raccoons and wild cats.

Livestock protection is another critical aspect. For ranchers and farmers, safeguarding animals from coyotes is essential. A heavy steel mesh fence, possibly combined with coyote rollers, can prevent coyotes from climbing or digging their way into your property.

We at Pet Playgrounds offer a range of fencing options tailored to your specific needs. Our fences are designed to be durable, easy to install, and effective in preventing coyote intrusions. Plus, they add a rustic charm to your property, enhancing its curb appeal.

For more information on how to protect your property with a coyote fence, visit our dog fence blog. Let’s work together to keep your loved ones and livestock safe.

Need help with your coyote-proofing project? Contact us today and let’s create a secure, safe environment for you and your animals.